Bridging psychological type and depth psychology

Editors: Carol Shumate, Mark Hunziker, Jenny Soper, Lori Green, Olivia Ireland (Art Editor), and Erin Temple

Next Issue: July

Abby Chow

Abby Chow, MAAbby Chow, MA, is a practicing clinical counselor specializing in trauma and addictions at Yale Medical Centre in Vancouver, Canada. She has facilitated therapeutic interventions for individuals suffering from anxiety, depression, sexual assault, domestic violence, complex trauma, and grief or loss. She also serves as a victim services coordinator for the Chinese Community Policing Centre. She got her master’s in Counselling Psychology from Adler University, and has been a type enthusiast since her quest for personal discovery and career guidance led her to Jungian type.

Published articles:

Migrating Identities

Adam Frey

Adam FreyAdam Frey (ISFJ) is an MBTI® Certified type consultant and a management and fundraising consultant to nonprofits. An honors graduate of Harvard, Adam received his MBA from UC-Berkeley. He has been a Board member and consultant to the San Francisco Jung Institute and has presented on type to the San Francisco Analytical Psychology Club, City University of Macau, and South China Normal University among others. He has published in the Bulletin of Psychological Type and the Journal of Analytical Psychology.

Published articles:

Getting Beyond ‘Inner’ and ‘Outer’

Alexa Gallo

Alexa Gallo is a professional photographer specializing in large-scale commercial productions in fashion, sports, luxury, and tourism for clients based primarily in New York and Los Angeles. Previously she was an extreme skier and sponsored athlete for Oakley, Nordica, and Salomon among others. She graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley, and now resides in Ojai, CA where she is pursuing a doctorate at Pacifica Graduate Institute. Her website is

Published articles:

Dreams of Grief and Growth

Angelina Bennet


Angelina Bennet is a Chartered Occupational Psychologist who specializes in developing individuals through personality work. She is the Director of I Potential Ltd, a consultancy based in the UK that focuses on coaching, development, and assessment, with particular expertise in the Myers-Briggs® assessment. Her other areas of interest include psychosynthesis and the Enneagram. The author of The Shadows of Type–Psychological Type at Seven Levels of Development, she is currently completing a Professional Doctorate in Occupational Psychology.

Published articles:

Psychodynamic Coaching and Type

Angelo Spoto

Angelo SpotoAngelo Spoto, M.A., LMHC, is a practicing psychotherapist in Tampa, Florida and author of the book, Jung’s Typology in Perspective. He is a frequent lecturer throughout the U.S. and England on a wide variety of Jungian topics. He was adjunct faculty at the Jung Institute of Chicago and is a Board Certified Professional Counselor as well as a Fellow in the American Psychotherapy Association.

Published articles:

The Inferior Function—A Moral Issue*

Ann Holm

Ann Holm 1Ann C. Holm has an M.S. in Speech and Language Pathology from the University of Michigan, and for 25 years has coached brain-injured clients toward cognitive recovery. In 2009, she started a personal development and leadership coaching practice in order to help clients uncover personal and leadership potential through increased awareness of how the brain works, knowledge of personality type, and emotional intelligence. She is an MBTI® Master Practitioner and an ICF certified coach. Her website is

Published articles:

Type for Non-Normal Populations

Ashley Crawford


Ashley Crawford graduated from U.C.-Santa Cruz with a B.A. in Political Science and has completed requirements at Pacifica Graduate Institute for an M.A. in Depth Psychology with an emphasis in Jungian and Archetypal Studies. She worked as a paralegal for a criminal defense attorney, and is in the process of moving to Portland, OR, to become trained as a Marriage and Family Therapist.

Published articles:

Keeper of Memories

Bernard Neville

B Neville -Issue 1Bernard Neville, Ph.D., is Adjunct Professor of Education at La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia. He uses Jungian theory in both education and organizational consulting and has wide experience in both areas. His 2003 essay, “Taking Care of Business in the Age of Hermes,” anticipated the 2008 economic collapse (Trickster’s Way Journal, 2:1). He is the author of two books, Educating psyche: Emotion, imagination and the unconscious in learning(1989), and Olympus Inc.: Intervening for cultural change in organizations (2008) co-authored with Tim Dalmau. The latter book gives a fuller discussion of the gods introduced here and their relation to Jungian archetypes in organizational settings.

Published articles:

The Polytheistic Organization

Byron Almén

Byron AlménByron Almén is Associate Professor of Music Theory at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of A Theory of Musical Narrative (Indiana University Press, 2009), the co-editor (with Edward Pearsall) of Approaches to Musical Meaning (Indiana University Press, 2006), and numerous articles and book chapters on music, narrative, film, and Jung. He is currently working on a book on Jungian type and the analysis of filmic, literary, and musical discourses.

Published articles:

Individuation in the Dark

Carl Gustav Jung

C. G. Jung(July 26, 1875 – June 6, 1961)

The Red Book, also titled Liber Novus (“New Book”), is a journal in text and images of C. G. Jung’s life from approximately 1914 to 1930. “The years, of which I have spoken to you, when I pursued the inner images, were the most important time of my life,” said Jung in 1957. Kept private by his heirs, it was finally published in 2009 by W. W. Norton of New York with extensive annotations by Jung scholar Sonu Shamdasani, PhD, General Editor and Co-Founder of the Philemon Foundation.


Published articles:

Red Book Ruminations

Red Book Ruminations

Red Book Ruminations

Red Book Ruminations

Carol Shumate

Carol Shumate, PhD, teaches psychological type at Pacifica Graduate Institute. She has an article in the December 2021 issue Journal of Analytical Psychology on “The Eightfold Way of Teaching Psychological Type.” In November 2021 she presented on “Changing the Dictates of Inherited Mentality” to the International Interdisciplinary Conference on the Role of Mentality in Human Life and Culture, European Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Her book Projection and Personality Development via the Eight-Function Model was published by Routledge in 2021.

Published articles:


Trump, Clinton, and Authenticity

Death by Thesis

Ambiversion: Ideal or Myth?

Active Imagination: Ne? Ni? Both?

How Do You Deal with a Narcissist?

What Divides Psychology & Typology?

Shadow Boxing with Fight Club

Casey Samulski


Casey Samulski studied literature Sarah Lawrence College in 2007, became MBTI®-certified in 2009, and holds an MFA in fiction from Columbia University. He is a published novelist and journalist for The New York Press, The Villager, and City Limits. His science fiction novel is titled The Water Sign. He now does business development for a high performance polymer startup, Allotropica Technologies. His talk on the Hero archetype at the APTi 2011 conference in San Francisco is available here –

Published articles:

FaceBook Types

Casey Winter

Casey WinterCasey J. Winter (INTJ), M.Coun, MA, LPC, NCC is a psychotherapist in Boise, ID, where she maintains a private practice focused on the research and treatment of eating disorders, specializing in anorexia nervosa and related mental health conditions. Casey is currently completing a PhD in Depth Psychology with emphasis in Jungian & Archetypal Studies from Pacifica Graduate Institute. She can be reached at or via her website:

Published articles:

Anorexia Nervosa and the INTJ Type

Cash Keahey

Cash Keahey, (ESFP) MBA, specializes in helping front-line leaders of Fortune 500 companies build self-awareness and influence, “especially without formal authority,” he notes. As president of the Keahey Consulting Group, he has facilitated workshops in 21 countries and on six continents. In 2009 he received the Excellence in Leadership Award from APT International. His book Eight LeaderTypes in the White House: Discover and Leverage Your Oval Office Leadership Style was published in February, 2018, available through his website,

Published articles:

Populism and Extraverted Sensation

Chanti Tacoronte-Perez

Chanti Tacoronte-Perez is a Cuban-American artist with two decades of experience teaching art, meditation, and movement. She offers workshops on emotions, dreams, and Yantra painting, an East Indian form of sacred art through her website, and she trains teachers in Yoga Nidra and Restorative Yoga. Fluent in Spanish, she has worked in Paris and in Havana, and is currently based in Minneapolis. She has undergraduate degrees in art from Miami-Dade College and Hampshire College, and graduate degrees in depth psychology from Pacifica Graduate Institute.

Published articles:

Dreams from a Pandemic

Cheryl L. Simon, Ph.D.

Cheryl Simon lives in Little Rock, Arkansas with her husband of 32 years, two adult sons, and two grandchildren. She obtained her doctorate in clinical psychology from Texas Tech University in 1986 and has been in private practice for 23 years, specializing in Jungian-based psychotherapy. Cheryl enjoys reading, biking, running, and singing, but her greatest joy is being with her grandchildren, her favorite teachers, who keep her life new and full of wonder.

Published articles:

Unconscious Guardians

Chris Beach

Chris Beach 260xChris Beach is a Jungian analyst in Portland, Maine, working with individuals in analysis and with dream groups.  He was introduced to the eight-fold model of psychological type in 1991 when John Beebe lectured at the C. G. Jung Institute in Zurich. At that time, Chris had three dreams about the model. Since then he has used it extensively in his analytic and group practices.

Published articles:

Type and Archetype in Dreams

Christine Drucker

Chris Drucker-260xChristine Towne Drucker, Ph.D., (INFJ) graduated from the Mythological Studies program at  Pacifica Graduate Institute in 2007.  Her dissertation is entitled “Once Upon a Type:  Mythological Dimensions of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.” She is a certified MBTI® practitioner. In 2009-2011 she was Executive Director of the Philemon Foundation during the publication launch of Jung’s Red Book.  As a Certified Life Cycle Celebrant, she creates personalized wedding ceremonies, as well as celebration of life memorial services.

Published articles:

The Ugly Duckling

Christopher Ross

Christopher Ross, PhD (ENTJ), is a clinical psychologist in private practice in Waterloo, Ontario specializing in psychotherapy and psychotherapy supervision. He is Emeritus Associate Professor in Psychology and Religion in the Department of Religion and Culture of Wilfrid Laurier University, and adjunct faculty at Martin Luther University College where he teaches in the MA Program in Spiritual Care and Psychotherapy. His book, coauthored with Leslie Francis, Personality, Religion and Leadership: The Spiritual Dimensions of Psychological Type Theory is forthcoming in December 2019 with Lexington Books.

Published articles:

Out of Our Depth: Editors’ Corner

Daniel Polikoff

Daniel Joseph Polikoff is a poet, translator, and Rilke scholar who teaches in the Jungian Psychology and Archetypal Studies program at Pacifica Graduate Institute. He is the author of six books, including In the Image of Orpheus: Rilke—A Soul History, a work that examines the poet’s life and work through the lens of archetypal psychology, and vice versa. His poems and translations have appeared in over seventy journals and earned him a Pushcart Prize nomination. He lives with his family north of San Francisco.

Published articles:

Rilke’s The Dragon Slayer

Debbie Clelland

Debbie ClellandDebbie Clelland, PhD, is a core faculty member in the Counselling Psychology Program at Adler University in Vancouver. She was first introduced to the MBTI in 1984, and used it with her counselling and consulting clients (businesses enhancing teams; couples and individuals pursuing self-development) and with her students. She is also the Research Ethics Board Chair, and has several publications and presentations on the use of type, especially in education.

Published articles:

Migrating Identities

Deborah Quibell

Deborah QuibellDeborah Quibell maintains a private healing and mentoring practice in Atlanta, GA. She is currently pursuing her Ph.D. in Depth Psychology with an emphasis in Jungian and Archetypal Studies at Pacifica Graduate Institute. She holds a B.S. from Cornell University (magna cum laude) and an MPH from Emory University (cum laude). As a senior practitioner and instructor in Pranic Healing, a writer, and yoga studio owner, she has a deep love for the inner life, poetry, and what moves us creatively.

Published articles:

Pregnant Language

Diana Arias Heñao

Diana Arias Heñao is a clinical psychologist based in Seattle, where she works as a clinical research assistant at Seattle Children’s Hospital. Born in Colombia, South America, she worked as a mental health therapist at Consejo Counseling Service serving the Latino community in Washington, and before that she was a clinical psychologist in private practice and at the Fundación Mnematica, Medicina del Alma in Colombia. Diana is currently pursuing a PhD in depth psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute. Some of her academic writings on resilience, active imagination and the hero’s journey are accessible online.

Published articles:

Dancing with the Shadow in Black Swan

Diane Goodman

Diane GoodmanDiane M. Goodman is a California attorney and mediator. She mediates family law disputes as well as handling family formation matters. She received her J.D. from the University of La Verne School of Law in 1984 and her M.A. in depth psychology from Pacifica Graduate Institute in 2014. Ms. Goodman is the author of the parentage chapter of Practice Under the California Family Code published by CEB. She regularly lectures on family law issues to bar associations and community organizations.

Published articles:

Seeing and Being Seen in Mediation

Doris Fuellgrabe

Doris Fuellgrabe, German ENFJ, uses personality type and cultural frameworks to help expatriates be effective and feel at home abroad, faster. A BA in HR management, she lived and worked in Germany, the UK, Spain, and Mexico before arriving in the USA in 2007. She is an MBTI® Master Practitioner and holds certifications in Interaction Styles and Neuroscience of Type. She will present findings from her ongoing research into type, culture, and expat adaptation at the 2013 APTi Conference (

Published articles:

Crossing Cultures with Type

Douglass J. Wilde

Douglass J. Wilde

Douglass J. Wilde, Ph.D., received his doctorate in chemical engineering at Berkeley, and spent 26 years on the engineering faculty at Stanford. He has seven years’ experience in industrial and naval engineering and received three prizes from engineering societies. His publications include 100 articles on optimization and control, four books on optimization, and two on applied psychology: Teamology: Construction and Organization of Effective Teams and Jung’s Personality Theory Quantified. He can be contacted at

Published articles:

Double Introverts, Dual Extraverts

Elizabeth and Katherine W. Hirsh

Elizabeth and Katherine HirshElizabeth Hirsh (INFP) and Katherine Hirsh (INTP) are the principals of HirshWorks, LLC, a management and coaching consultancy devoted to improving the performance of individuals, groups, teams, and organizations in their decision making, leadership, team work, facilitation, writing, and teaching, in order to increase personal and professional satisfaction and development. Their recent book, coauthored with James Peak, Introduction to Type® and Reintegration: A Framework for Managing the Transition Home, explores the value of type in the context of service personnel (military, government, NGO, rescue/first-responder, etc.) transitioning home from a deployment. They are also co-authors ofIntroduction to Type® and Decision Making; the second edition of Introduction to Type® and Teams; and the second and third editions of The MBTI®Teambuilding Program: Leader’s Resource Guide with Sandra K. Hirsh. Their blog, the Self-Discovery Digest(, is dedicated to encouraging people to live the best life possible despite the ups and downs of human experience.

Published articles:

Soldier and Seeker

Elizabeth Leuenberger

Elizabeth Leuenberger-Kajs, MA (INFP), is an analyst-in-training at the C. G. Jung Institute Zürich, and a doctoral student in Jungian and Archetypal Studies at Pacifica Graduate Institute. Based in Switzerland, she is an Advisory Board member for BeautifulMind, a Kenya-based social enterprise that provides mental health services to East Africa, and adoption counselor for Americans abroad. A violinist, she is certified in Music in Analytic Practice and Guided Imagery in Music through the Atlantis Institute for Consciousness and Music and the Jung Institute.

Published articles:

Typological Refugees

Elizabeth Martin

Elizabeth A. Martin, J.D., M.A., is a Vice President at The Lewin Group, a consulting firm in Washington D.C. that provides health policy guidance to federal and state agencies. A native Texan, Martin is a former Assistant District Attorney and Assistant Attorney General of Texas where she represented the state in a number of capital cases. Martin received her law degree from Boston College and her undergraduate degree in business from Creighton University. She is pursuing a doctorate in depth psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute.

Published articles:

So Texas Walks Into a Bar …

Ellen MacGran

Ellen MacGran (ENTP) is based in Chicago where she teaches iRest™ yoga nidra meditation to a wide variety of clients, including students and faculty, business professionals, and military veterans. She has a master’s from Pepperdine and an MBA from Claremont, and is in the doctoral program at Pacific Graduate Institute. Previously she held management positions at major corporations, such as Kraft and Nabisco, providing training and leadership. Her research interests include meditation, divinatory practices, typology, and dreamwork.

Published articles:

Approaching the Middle Realm

Gelareh Khoie

Born in Iran, Gelareh Khoie is an artist, writer, scholar, and DJ. Her artwork has been widely exhibited in group and solo exhibitions and has received numerous awards. She has curated multi-media art exhibitions, conceived and implemented creative arts and live music events, and she operated an art and music venue called thirtyninehotel in Honolulu, Hawaii. She holds a BFA in painting and art history from the San Francisco Art Institute and two MAs in depth psychology from Pacifica. Her websites are:;

Published articles:

Dancing to Lunar Rhythms

Hanne Urhøj

Hanne UrhøjHanne Urhøj is a Jungian analyst (IAAP) in private practice in Copenhagen, Denmark. In her practice Hanne uses the structure of archetypal pairs of opposites in John Beebe’s model on a daily basis, “to help clients not only to understand the plots in the inner drama but to spot what is usually being projected.” She has a Master’s degree from Roskilde University in sociological and technological planning and for many years has been a consultant in organizational change.

Published articles:

Archetypes in a Portrait of Bob Dylan*

Hasmik Michelle Israelyan

Hasmik Israelyan-260xHasmik Israelyan, M.A., was born in Armenia where she studied piano at Tchaikovsky Professional Music School. After moving to the U.S., she studied psychology and worked as a behavioral therapist and consultant for families of children with developmental disabilities. She became a Master Practitioner of Neuro-Linguistic Programming at UC-Santa Cruz, studied autism at UC-Davis, and Applied Behavior Analysis at the Florida Institute of Technology. She is now working on her doctorate in Depth Psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute.

Published articles:

Autism in Depth

Hong-Wen Chen

hong-wen chen-260xHong-Wen Chen, M.D., Ph.D., (INFP) is a radiation oncologist residing in New York City. She served as the head of the hospice ward at Mackay Memorial Hospital, the President of the Taiwan Hospice Organization, and an Associate Professor at the MacKay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management in Taipei. She is certified by the Taiwan Board of Hospice and Palliative Medicine and the Taiwan Board of Radiation Oncology, and is currently pursuing a second Ph.D. in Depth Psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute.

Published articles:

Death and Dying in Taiwan

James Kennard

Jim K-260xJames Kennard (INTP) is a private wealth investment manager, based in Sydney, Australia. The former downhill ski racer is now a dedicated yoga practitioner and studio co-owner with his wife and yoga teacher, Ananda. He graduated in 2006 from Colorado College, with a B.A. in Philosophy and minor in Psychoanalysis, and is currently pursuing a doctorate in Depth Psychology at Pacific Graduate Institute.

Published articles:

Nietzsche on “Self-Overcoming”

Jane Shaw

jane-shaw-260xJane Shaw teaches craniosacral therapy internationally with a clinical practice in Northern Ireland focusing on trauma recovery for women. She holds an M.A. in Jungian and archetypal psychology, and is pursuing a Ph.D. at Pacifica Graduate Institute. Before training as a craniosacral therapist, with an undergraduate degree in economics, Jane worked for many years in business and finance, her last position being Finance Director of a boutique PR agency in London, working with high profile media and entertainment clients.

Published articles:

Resurrecting the Feeling Function

Jeffrey Lauterbach

Jeffrey LauterbachAfter careers in journalism and financial services, Jeffrey Lauterbach, J.D., counsels wealthy families regarding family governance and all aspects of their lives. He is a Ph.D. candidate with a concentration in Jungian and archetypal psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute.

Published articles:

Golf: A Game of Individuation

Jennifer Degnan Smith

Jennifer Degnan Smith, MA, is based in Seattle and consults with organizations in the U.S. and Europe to cultivate their cultures and develop their employees’ careers. She lived in London for many years, coaching senior finance executives on leadership and career advancement. She has taught leadership and organizational behavior to MBA students, and has conducted post-graduate research on women and work-life balance. Jennifer travels extensively to Athens studying Greece’s ancient mythology and its contemporary culture.

Published articles:

The Greek Hero in Crisis

Jennifer Soper

Jennifer Soper (INFJ), co-editor of Personality Type in Depth, has an Honors degree in English from the University of Manchester in the UK. After further professional training, she worked as a career counselor with teenagers and young adults in the UK. A Licensed Professional Counselor in North Carolina, she works at Wake Technical Community College in Raleigh, NC, where she uses psychological type to tutor students of all ages in study skills and writing. She received the Innovations in Training and Education award from APTi Southern Region.

Published articles:

The Integrity of Carl Jung

Joanna Capelin

Joanna CapelinJoanna Capelin, MA, is a doctoral student at Pacifica Graduate Institute working on Descent and Ascent: Mythic Styles of Consciousness in Underworld Journeys, which explores Greek mythic underworld descent and ascent motifs and how these underworld journeys might evoke distinct styles of consciousness. She presented a paper at the 2016 JSSS Earth and Psyche conference, “The Rhizome: Exploring a Jungian Symbol for Psychoid Reality,” and as an undergraduate at Colorado College she presented a paper on “The Ecological Restructuring of Contemporary Society at the Aspen Environmental Forum.  

Published articles:

Hermes and Apollo

John Beebe

John Beebe, 2009

John Beebe, MD, is a Jungian analyst and a past president of the C. G. Jung Institute of San Francisco. He is the creator of the Eight-Function-Attitude, Eight-Archetype Model of types and the author of Energies and Patterns in Psychological Type: The Reservoir of Consciousness. John is co-editor of The Question of Psychological Types: The Correspondence of C. G. Jung and Hans Schmid-Guisan, 1915-1916, and author of Integrity in Depth. 

Published articles:

Evolution of Jungian Typology

Cultural Attitudes

Facing Our Expectations

Typing the Group Mind: Part Two

Typing the Group Mind, Part I

Jonathan Elias

Jonathan Elias is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in private practice in Palm Beach, FL, specializing in anxiety, relationship issues, and trauma and PTSD. He has a degree from the University of Chicago where his fiction won the Olga and Paul Mean Foundation Prize, and he is pursuing his doctoral degree in Jungian and Archetypal Studies at Pacifica Graduate Institute. His website is:

Published articles:

Marriage as a “Hotbed of Individuation”

Julia Grant

Julia Grant, MAJulia Grant, MA, worked in accounting and finance for more than 30 years. For most of that time she worked for Yale University, most recently as Assistance Vice President, Business Operations. In this position she worked collaboratively with academic leadership to ensure effective and efficient business operations in the schools and departments, with an emphasis on identifying, pursuing, and realizing opportunities to optimize administrative and financial processes for academic leaders. She is currently a doctoral candidate at Pacifica Graduate Institute.

Published articles:

Embracing Si and Fi

Kartik Subbarao

Kartik SubbaraoKartik Subbarao (ENTP) is an independent IT consultant with over 20 years of industry experience in a variety of engineering and technical leadership positions, including 16 years at Hewlett-Packard. He was the founding Global Lead for HP’s Open Source and Linux Profession, a community of practice for thousands of open source technologists across the company. Kartik has a B.S. from Princeton University and an M.S. from Stanford University. His website is

Published articles:

The Map vs. the Territory of Type

Katherine W. Hirsh, DPhil

K Hirsh Headshot -Issue 1Katherine W. Hirsh (INTP) is the President-Elect of APT International and has been using psychological type in coaching, consulting, education, and personal, professional and faculty development for over 20 years.

Published articles:

Question of the Day

Kevin Kell

Kevin Kell, LCSW, is a psychotherapist in private practice in the greater Chicago area, where he specializes in working with adolescents with depression, anxiety, grief, rage, self-harm, eating disorders, suicidal ideation, obsessive-compulsive disorder, addictions, and underperformance. He graduated summa cum laude in psychology from Lewis & Clark College in Portland, OR, and has two master’s degrees, one in social work from Loyola University and one from Pacifica Graduate Institute. He is a classically trained bass vocalist and a student of Russian and other languages.

Published articles:

Transcending the Power Complex

Khrystine Kelsey

Khrystine Kelsey (INFJ) lives in Salt Lake City, Utah where she teaches undergraduate humanities courses. She holds an MA in Humanities and is currently earning her PhD in Jungian and Archetypal Studies from Pacifica Graduate Institute. Her academic interests include feminine identity, arts and culture, philosophy, and the relationship between the humanities and depth psychology. She and her ESTJ husband operate a tutoring business serving students of all ages and covering a variety of subjects. They enjoy exploring new cities and cuisines.

Published articles:

Mine, Yours, and Ours

Kiley Laughlin

Kiley LaughlinKiley Q. Laughlin, Ph.D., is writer, coach, and a Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army Reserves based in Northern California. He has supported operations in Bolivia (1995), Bosnia (2003-2004), Iraq (2004-2008), Nigeria (2014), and Kosovo (2009 and 2016). During his multiple deployments, he has liaised with various federal agencies, including the FBI and the U.S. State Department. He has also taught military science at UC-Davis in California and has worked in Veteran Affairs. He is currently writing a book on the evolution of consciousness.

Published articles:

Managing Bias in Military Intelligence

The Spectrum of Consciousness

The Archetypal Leader

Laura M. Simon, JD, MBA (ENFJ)

L Simon Uncropped -168x150Laura Simon manages human resource and business operations for an insurance intermediary. Previously, as Director of Leadership Development for the company, she designed a program to effectively rank the company’s leaders and assisted in the launch of an in-house leadership development school. Laura earned her MBA degree from the University of Tampa with a concentration in Management and her law degree from Cleveland-Marshall College of Law. She is certified to administer the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® as well as other assessments.

Published articles:

Workplace Dys-Functions: ENFJ/ESTJ

Lauren Morgan Wuest

Lauren-Morgan-Wuest-260xLauren Morgan Wuest, MA, LMFT-A, (INFJ) is a licensed psychotherapist in Austin, Texas. Through her private practice, Soulful Psychotherapy, Lauren Morgan aims to provide individuals, couples, and families with opportunities for healing and self-exploration. She specializes in Jungian dreamwork, early childhood trauma, and Emotion Focused Couples Therapy. She is also a third-year doctoral candidate in the Depth Psychology program at Pacifica Graduate Institute, with an emphasis in Jungian and Archetypal Studies.

Published articles:

The Animus and Transformative Grief

Laurie B. Lippin, Ph.D.

Laurie B. LippinLaurie B. Lippin, Ph.D. specializes in training, consulting, coaching and teambuilding in the arena of diversity and cultural competence for her business Lippin & Associates. She holds a Ph.D. in Adult Education and teaches at UC Davis where she was awarded Lecturer of the Year in 2008. She is a former APTi Qualifying Training Faculty and current Co-Coordinator of the Diversity, Multicultural, and International Interest Area of APTi. She co-authoredUnraveling Whiteness (Kendall/Hunt, 2001, 2008) and can be reached at or 707-792-9935.

Published articles:

Type and Other Biases

Liana Lianov

Liana LianovLiana Lianov, M.D., M.P.H., FACPM, is Associate Professor at the University of California Davis and founder of HealthType, a health promotion consulting service that highlights the role of personality on health behaviors. She recently directed a national coaching program in healthy nutrition, physical activity and stress management. Previously she served as director of the American Medical Association’s Healthy Lifestyles Division. She is President-Elect of the American College of Lifestyle Medicine and a board member of the American College of Preventive Medicine.

Published articles:

Using Type for Healthy Habits

Lisa A. Pounders

Lisa A. Pounders, INTP, works as a psychological/creative mentor, teacher, writer, visual artist, and poet. She holds an M.A. in Humanities, an M.A. in Jungian psychology and archetypal studies, and is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in depth psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute. Her academic writing has also been published in the International Journal of Jungian Studies. Lisa makes her home in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Her website is:

Published articles:

Liberté, Egalité, Sensualité

Lisa Schuetz

Lisa Schuetz

Lisa Schuetz has trained in Gestalt approaches to graphology, and is pursuing graduate work in Jungian psychology at Saybrook University. Her essay, “Reading the Energy of Thought,” was published inAudacious Aging (Elite Books, 2010) alongside those of Joan Borysenko, Deepak Chopra, Nikki Giovanni, Andrew Weil, and Howard Zinn, among others. Her research thesis, Sacred Proportion in Handwriting as an Indicator of Body/Mind Balance, was the topic of a presentation given at the Annual Canadian Energy Psychology conference in November 2010.

Published articles:

Freud & Jung: Written Revelations

Partnering Type with Graphology

Lori Green

Lori Green, MA (INFJ), is an author, teacher, and consultant who uses a Jungian model to teach awareness practice and meditation. A former high school English teacher, she has a Master’s from Pacifica Graduate Institute. Her book Outlier: The Moon as Guide to Source and Stillness, a multi-genre meditation on the cycles of the moon, is the basis of a year-long apprenticeship course. She is also developing a digital learning series based on the imagery of Alice in Wonderland. Her website is

Published articles:

Vanishing Fingerprints

Finding the Gold in the Iron

Arriving at the Eternal Now

Mark Hunziker

MarkHunzikerMark Hunziker, co-editor of Personality Type in Depth, is a coach, teacher, and consultant whose professional goal is to help clients lead lives of greater authenticity, effectiveness, integrity, and well-being. He is the founder of Wellness Resources of Vermont, co-author of Jung’s Mental Processes: Building Blocks of Personality Type (2006), author of Depth Typology: C. G. Jung, Isabel Myers, John Beebe and The Guide Map to Becoming Who We Are (2016), former APTi Health and Wellness Interest Area Consultant, principal developer of the Integrated Problem-Solving™ training system, and a faculty member at the Jungian Center for the Spiritual Sciences.

Published articles:

Collective Consciousness

Out of Our Depth: Editors’ Corner

Unconscious Insights to the Rescue*

Heaven, Earth, and Underworld

Differentiating Differentiation

What Type Is Your Pet?

The Dark Side of Profiles

Is Trauma the Mother of Growth?

“Egosyntonic” and “Egodystonic” *

Do You Trust Your Dominant Function?

Mark Ransom

Mark Ransom, MA (ENFP), is a guitarist, singer-songwriter, and music educator. Founder of an interactive community festival, the Bend Roots Revival, and author of eight original CDs, he calls his teaching and consulting practice “Depth Musicology.” Since 2006, Mark has helped develop performing arts programs at eight schools in Oregon. Teleport People, the forthcoming album from his band, The Mostest, mirrors this marriage of art and psychology in aesthetic form. A preview of the title track can be found at:

Published articles:

When the Music Plays the Band

Markey Read

markey-read2015-260xMarkey Read, M.A. (ENFJ), is a consultant and trainer in Vermont where she focuses on leadership and team development, entrepreneurship, and professional/career planning. She has been using and researching psychological type since 1994 and was a certification provider for many years. She is the author of Your Cast of Characters: A Guide to Leadership Development; Charting the Course & Landing the Job (6th ed.); Launching & Growing Your Entrepreneurial Dream; and Time for a Change. Markey is the principal at Career Networks, Inc.

Published articles:

How Timelines Move Goal Lines

Marlowe Embree

Marlowe EmbreeMarlowe C. Embree (INFP), Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin-Marathon County, where he developed psychology courses in the areas of careers, religion, death and dying, and leadership. He also heads a consulting firm specializing in soft-skills training, outplacement, and employment interventions. He is the author of the book, Self-Managing Your Career, and was named a Wisconsin Idea Fellow in 2004 and SGA Professor of the Year in 2011.

Published articles:

Defusing Cultural Polarization

Presidential Personas, Historic Cycles

Mediating Political Differences

Marta Koonz

Marta-final-260xMarta Koonz is a solutions consultant and MBTI® certification trainer for CPP, Inc., the exclusive publisher of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.® She has an M.A. in Depth Psychology from Pacifica Graduate Institute, with a focus in Jungian and Archetypal Studies. She is currently a doctoral student, researching her dissertation on the individuation of psychological type.

Published articles:

Seeing One’s Self

Mary Anne Sutherland

Mary Anne SutherlandMary Anne Sutherland (ISFP) worked for the Calgary School Board (Canada) for 32 years in grades K-12, serving variously as an Instructor, Learning Strategist, Assistant Principal, and Learning Diversity Advisor. She consults periodically with the National Sports School and was a speaker at the Brain Conference in San Diego in 2004 and the APTi conference in 2005. She was trained in the first MBTI Certification group in the early 1980s, and also had training by Mary McCaulley and Gordon Lawrence.

Published articles:

Type and Exceptional Learners

A Place for All Types of Learners

Maryann Barone-Chapman

Maryann Barone-ChapmanMaryann Barone-Chapman, MSc, AJA, IAAP, is a Jungian analyst in private practice in London. Previous publications include “The Hunger to Fill an Empty Space” in the Journal of Analytical Psychology(2007, 52:4) and “Pregnant Pause: Procreative Desire, Reproductive Technology and Narrative Shifts at Midlife” in Body, Mind and Healing After Jung, A Space of Questions, Raya Jones, ed. (Routledge, 2011). She has an essay forthcoming in Analysis and Alchemy, Dale Mathers, ed., “Sulphur Rises From the Blackened Body” (Routledge, 2013).

Published articles:

Dreaming The Dream On

Pam Rechel

Pam Rechel-260xPam Rechel, (M.A., M.B.A., M.S.) ENFJ, has multiple advanced degrees: an M.A. from the Leadership Institute of Seattle (LIOS) in Coaching and Consulting in Organizations, an M.B.A. from George Washington University in Information Technology, and an M.S. in Education Administration from Syracuse University. Her coaching certifications are from the Newfield Network Coach Program and the International Coach Federation, Professional Certified Coach (PCC). She has facilitated Myers-Briggs team workshops for 20+ years in the U.S. as well as Singapore, Taiwan, and Ireland. Her website is: Braveheart Consulting.

Published articles:

Coaching Abrasive Leaders

Peter T. Dunlap

Peter T. Dunlap is a psychologist working in private and political practice and author of Awakening our Faith in the Future (Routledge). His publications apply a Jungian approach to such diverse topics as political theory, history of science, group theory and practice, and philosophical theory with a general purpose of “Cultivating a Public Emotional Intelligence” (Tikkun magazine). He is currently the acting chair and associate core faculty of the Clinical Psychology PhD program at Pacifica Graduate Institute. (

Published articles:

Collective Consciousness

Philippe De Sainte Maresville

Philippe De Sainte Maresville

Philippe De Sainte Maresville (ISFP) has spent over twenty-eight years in international management in the IT sector. In 2000 he began to focus on linking Jungian typology to neuroscience and body movement, and he founded HOXIXOH, a company based in Grenoble, France, providing research, consulting, training, and coaching, for both end-users of type and professional practitioners. Additionally, he creates tools for personal development and team management. He is the co-author of Découvrir les fonctions Jungiennes (2013).


Published articles:

Jung’s Third Dimension

Mixing Right and Left

Polly Young-Eisendrath

Polly Young-EisendrathPolly Young-Eisendrath, PhD, is a public speaker, a Jungian analyst, and a psychologist with a fulltime practice in Vermont. She is also a Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology at the University of Vermont. She has published thirteen books that have been translated into more than twenty languages, including The Resilient Spirit, Women and Desire, and The Cambridge Companion to Jung. Website:

Published articles:

Type, Psychoanalysis & Meditation

Rebecca Kilicaslan

Rebecca Migdal Kilicaslan (ENFP), MA, MS, MFA, is an artist, performer, and author who works with dreams, myths, and folktales. In 2017 she co-founded Book & Puppet Co., a bookstore and puppet theater in Easton, Pennsylvania. She is a doctoral candidate in Jungian Psychology and Archetypes at Pacifica Graduate Institute, where she studied typology with Carol Shumate. She is certified in Dream Tending by Stephen Aizenstat, and teaches in the Art + Design department at East Stroudsburg University.

Published articles:

The Voice Behind the Curtain

Richard Owen

Richard Owen, MSc, is a qualified organizational psychologist and coach, based in Brighton, UK. Certified in a range of type and trait personality assessments, he works with clients on career transition, relationships, and personal/professional development. Richard is a trustee and treasurer of the British Association for Psychological Type and a member of the Board of Advisors to the Depth Typology Center. As a theorist, he aims to integrate and reinterpret many perspectives into his Personality Parts™ system.

Published articles:


Robert McAlpine

Bob McAlpineBob McAlpine, M.A., while president of Type Resources, spent almost two decades sponsoring and developing workshops by John Beebe to introduce Beebe’s eight function eight archetype model. More recently, with John Giannini, he has facilitated a year-long series of webinars on dream work and on Giannini’s concept of function couplings. Co-author of Introduction to Type and the Eight Jungian Functions, McAlpine previously created Total Quality Management programs and type trainings for hundreds of officers in the U.S. Army’s Organizational Leadership program.

Published articles:

Exploring Function Coupling Interactions

Changing My Mind

Sam Allevato III

Sam Allevato III, JD, has practiced family law in Southern California for 20+ years, working with countless clients, families, and psychologists. He is currently writing his doctoral dissertation at Pacifica Graduate Institute, designing a mythological model for divorce employing an innovative application of alchemy, psychology, and the law. Sam is an amateur ornithologist and is married to Francesca, the daughter of an alchemist. They share Italian dual citizenship and an undying love for the Renaissance and the art of alchemy.

Published Articles:

Published articles:

The End is a New Beginning

Sheila Newsom

Sheila Grace Newsom (INFJ), MD, MA, age 71, is a practicing physician in Austin, TX, who initiated gender transition at age 63. Before her transformation, she graduated from West Point, served as a paratrooper, attained her MD, specialized in nephrology, and developed medical services in Africa. Since then, she has authored A Calling from the Bones and completed an MA in depth psychology. Recently she created a concierge practice,, treating PTSD and suicidality with ketamine therapy. She is married with two grown children.

Published articles:

Saving Sheila

Shen Heyong

Shen HeyongShen Heyong is a member of the International Association of Analytical Psychology (IAAP) and of the International Society for Sandplay Therapy. He is the president of newly formed C.G. Jung Institute of China, a developing group of the IAAP, and also the Professor of Analytical Psychology at South China Normal University in Guangzhou. With the support of IAAP, he was the leading organizer of the five Conferences on Analytical Psychology and Chinese Culture in Guangzhou in 1998, 2002, 2006, and those in Shanghai in 2009 and in Macao in 2012. He has authored several books on analytical psychology in Chinese, which he relates to the Chinese psychology of the “heart.” He has also edited a series of translations into Chinese of books by Jung and Jungian authors.

Published articles:

Shadow and Individuation in China

Shirl Hughes Terrell

Shirl Hughes Terrell holds a PhD in Humanities with a concentration in Applied Linguistics and Aesthetic Studies from the University of Texas at Dallas and a Masters in Jungian and Archetypal Studies from Pacifica Graduate Institute. She taught Communication Studies and ESL at Collin College in Dallas for 22 years and now works with Traffick911, an organization seeking to free youth from sex-trafficking. Shirl’s goal is to publish more work on mental illness to increase understanding and acceptance of individuals and families suffering its fallout.

Published articles:

Unraveling Tragedy

Soha Al-Jurf

Soha Al-Jurf has 20 years of clinical experience in voice rehabilitation at otolaryngology clinics at UC-San Francisco, the University of Arizona, and the University of Connecticut, among others. She has also taught voice and speech at the New York Film Academy. Currently she coaches opera singers and teaches workshops for both large and small groups, combining her knowledge of opera, psychology, dreamwork, and typology. She has two Master’s degrees and has published and presented widely on the topic of finding one’s voice.

Published articles:

Voice of the Feminine as Dream Symbol

Sophia Dunn

Sophia DunnSophia Dunn holds a postgraduate diploma in Clinical Psychotherapy from King’s College London, and an MSc in Counselling Psychology from City University. Her training focus was in the treatment of personality disorder. In her private practice and her teaching at a major London hospital, she makes extensive use of existential, neurobiological, cognitive, and Buddhist insights, as well as an understanding of the clinical applications of the MBTI®. She is a past President of the British Association for Psychological Type.

Published articles:

Honey, I J’d the Cat

Anxiety and the Energy Attitude

Stephanie Marshall

Stephanie Marshall (INFJ), MSEd, has spent 18 years as a human resources professional, specializing in learning and performance, labor and employee relations, and personality types in the workplace. She is currently a Labor and Employee Relations Business Partner in the local government/non-profit sector assisting in collective bargaining agreements, policy development, performance management, and developing leadership staff. She is pursuing her doctorate in depth psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute and is a certified yoga instructor and Reiki practitioner.

Published articles:

The Wisdom of the Witch

Stephanie Puentes

Stephanie PuentesStephanie Puentes is the Principal of Puentes Consulting, based in the San Francisco Bay Area, specializing in training, consulting, and teambuilding in the areas of diversity and cultural competence. After a 28-year career in the high tech industry she founded Puentes Consulting to pursue her passion for a more inclusive and multicultural world. She is a certified Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) practitioner and for the last two years served as Co-coordinator of the APTi Diversity Multicultural & International Interest Area.

Published articles:

Type and Other Biases, Part II

Stephen T. Weed

Stephen T. Weed, MS, is co-founder with Susan R. Scherer of Relational Care Associates, LLC, in Columbus, Ohio. Stephen facilitates personality type workshops consisting of 18 weeks of introductory, intermediate, and advanced level courses, including topics such as: Jungian Functions and Personality Type, Jungian Archetypes, Emotional Intelligence, and Keirsey’s Temperaments. A certified MBTI® Master Practitioner, he has been consulting using the Myers-Briggs instrument since 1996. Stephen is a board member of the C. G. Jung Association of Central Ohio, North Central Mental Health Services, and the Susan Scherer Charitable Foundation.

Published articles:

Exploring Function Coupling Interactions

Steve Myers

Steve Myers-260xSteve Myers (no relation to Isabel Briggs Myers) holds a Masters in Jungian and Post-Jungian Studies, a PhD in Psychoanalytic Studies, and was the first winner of the David Holt Prize for outstanding student at the University of Essex. He has used Myers-Briggs typology in his commercial consultancy for more than a quarter of a century and is the author of Myers-Briggs Typology vs Jungian Individuation: Overcoming One-Sidedness in Self and Society. His blog is Practical Insights of Analytical Psychology.

Published articles:

Authentic Leadership

Ambiversion and Individuation

Steve Whiteford

Steve WhitefordSteve brings 20 years of experience as a corporate trainer and coach. Through his company, Whiteford Resources, he coaches and leads workshops in Presentation, Constructive Conflict, Leadership Development, and related communication topics including career development. Steve is certified in Emotional Intelligence (EQi/EQi360) and the MBTI®. He has directed and narrated corporate videos, and worked in stage, film, and television productions. His writing credits include the Bulletin of Psychological Type, Entrepreneur, TWA’s Ambassador, Training & Development Journal, Idea Magazine, and Air-America Radio.

Published articles:

Something’s Trickster in Denmark

Susan Viglione

Susan Viglione

Susan Viglione

Susan Viglione (ENFJ) has over thirty years of experience in the field of construction management and is a senior project director at Harvard University, leading a group of project managers in the planning and implementation of capital projects. She holds a B.A. in Philosophy and an M.S. in Civil Engineering from Stanford University, an M.A. in Counseling Psychology from Lesley University, and is pursuing her Ph.D. in Depth Psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute.

Published articles:

Becoming Captain Kirk

Suzanne Cremen

Suzanne Cremen-260xSuzanne Cremen, PhD (INFJ), teaches depth psychology of vocation at Pacifica Graduate Institute. She has worked as a lawyer, conference producer, screenwriter, publisher and career counsellor for adults in midlife, and holds degrees in law and the humanities, as well as in depth psychology and mythology. She is the author of From Career to Calling: A depth psychology guide to soul-making work in darkening times (Routledge 2020) and founded the Life Artistry Centre for Archetype, Imagination and Vocation, in Melbourne, Australia (

Published articles:

Sex, Madness, and Spirituality

Tamara Walker

Dr. Tamara Walker (DVM, MS, DACVS, MA) was a surgeon and partner in an emergency and critical care veterinary specialty hospital when she left veterinary medicine to pursue a master’s degree in depth psychology. A mountaineer, technical rock climber, and sea kayaker, Tamara has also been a long-time teacher at Rite of Passage Journeys, a Seattle-based organization focusing on wilderness rites of passage, eco-spirituality, and ritual in youth and adults. Tamara’s family of origin lives in Southern Africa, and she visits there often.

Published articles:

The English Patient in the Mirror

Tarrin McDonald

Tarrin McDonald (INFJ) is a certified spiritual director, tarot reader, and intuitive guide who works primarily with queer, feminine, non-binary, and gender non-conforming populations, helping clients through deep listening, meditation, dream tending, energy healing, breath work, self love, and visualization practices. She recently earned her MA in Depth Psychology with a specialization in Jungian and Archetypal Studies from Pacifica Graduate Institute. Her website is

Published articles:

Shrines by the Wayside

Teresa Nowak

Teresa Nowak, MA, MBA (ENFJ), is a PhD candidate at Pacifica Graduate Institute and longtime practitioner of psychological type. She worked for twenty years as a commercial banker, holding executive positions at several different banks, where she won a variety of leadership awards. Then, she made a midlife career change and began to study and practice depth psychology. Based in Tucson, AZ, she maintains a private consultancy, facilitating spiritual retreats for groups and providing psychological guidance for individuals. Correspondence:, or

Published articles:

Dream Tending

the Editors, Mark & Carol

courtesy, Teague HunzikerEditors Carol Shumate, Ph.D. (ENFP), and Mark Hunziker (INTJ) founded Personality Type in Depth as a forum to bridge psychological type and depth psychology. Both editors are themselves writers and they work together virtually, from North Carolina and Vermont respectively. Shumate’s career has been in journalism, publishing, and higher education, while Hunziker’s has been primarily in organization development consulting. Shumate’s current project is a book on the Trickster archetype in leadership, and Hunziker’s is about depth typology, a term he has coined for the interface of the two fields.

Published articles:

Extraverted Perceivers: Learning Disabled?

Individuation: Why Bother?

Q: How Does Type Falsification Happen?

Do parents influence type development?

Q: How Do You Learn About Type?

Q: Plagiarism and Personality?

Q: Are Type Preferences Balanced?

Q: What do ‘J’ & ‘P’ really mean?

Question of the Day: INTJ or INTP?

Question of the Day

Question of the Day

Van Bui

Van T. Bui, LCSW, MA, PPSC, holds a master’s degree in social work from California State University, Fullerton, and an MA in Jungian Psychology and Archetypal Studies from Pacifica Graduate Institute, where she is currently in the doctoral program. At present, she serves as a clinical school social worker at a public elementary school district in Los Angeles County. Her research interests include resiliency, immigration, and examining the life experiences and perspectives of individuals who have survived trauma.

Published articles:

Marriage Through Peace and War

Vanessa Jankowski

Vanessa Jankowski, LCSW, founded the Center for Change & Healing which provides a practical, change-oriented approach to psychotherapy, alongside clinical consultation and community-based programing, as well as trainings and workshops for educational and corporate groups. She recently contributed a chapter to New Voices, New Visions: Explorations in Archetypal Pedagogy (forthcoming through Rowman & Littlefield). She holds a Master’s degree from University of Chicago’s Social Services Administration and is completing her doctoral dissertation at Pacifica Graduate Institute.

Published articles:

A Guide to the ESTP Universe

Vicky Jo Varner

Vicky Jo Varner, PhD, obtained her doctorate in depth psychology from Pacifica Graduate Institute. Formerly on the faculty of the University of Philosophical Research, she has also taught courses on Jung’s typology functions through the Association of Psychological Type International (APTi). As a Professional Certified Coach (ICF, CPCC, PCC, JCDC), she conducts guided type discovery experiences. Her clients include the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Dukes Aerospace, and Americorps. Her website is

Published articles:

A Tympanum in a Time of COVID

A Broken Personality Repairs Itself

Walter Smith


Walter R. Smith, D.Min., INFJ, is an ordained Presbyterian minister (PCUSA), a Master Practitioner of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI®), and a Certified Temperament Professional™. He is also Past President of the Research Triangle Chapter of the Association for Psychological Type International (APTi) in Durham, North Carolina. He has presented workshops both locally and nationally on such subjects as The Red Book, Type and Communication, How the Temperaments Sabotage Themselves, Applying Type to Writing, and Accessing the Feminine.

Published articles:

Conversations with Satan

3000 Years of Type Dis-Integration

Yin Fang

Yin FangYin Fang, Ph.D., is a faculty member at Dali University in Dali, China, and a member of the Chinese Association for Analytical Psychology (CAAP). Having studied analytical psychology for several years, she has published several articles on analytical psychology in Chinese.

Published articles:

Shadow and Individuation in China

Yu Meng

Yu MengYu Meng is a Master’s candidate in the School of Psychology at South China Normal University in Guangzhou. E-mail:

Published articles:

Shadow and Individuation in China

Zachary Kampf

Zack KampfZachary Kampf, MSW, MA, LCSWA, is a musician and clinical social worker who works in a behavioral urgent care facility in Asheville, North Carolina, with patients in need of inpatient detox or crisis stabilization placements. He has also assisted behavioral therapists in integrating drum lessons into Applied Behavioral Analysis programs for students on the autism spectrum. He is pursuing his doctorate in Jungian and Archetypal Studies at Pacifica Graduate Institute, and he has been published in Archai: The Journal of Archetypal Cosmology.

Published articles:

The “Forever 27” Tragedy